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【一二一五】英语考80+的好书好课,老付实力宠你飞!

发表时间:2020-03-06 06:29:00  来源:野望文存  浏览:次   【】【】【

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记着每天点开带数字序号的标题

今天的知识推送是【一二一五】





 


1
今日句子



昨天留错了题目

其讲解看这个链接



今天直接讲解新题目



【S1】Like other human beings, an average scientist encounters moral issues even in the everyday performance of his routine duties – he is not supposed to cook his experiments, manufacture evidence, or doctor his reports.

【S2】But his primary task is not to think about the moral code which governs his activity, any more than a businessman is expected to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business.


Question 1

What can be inferred from the text?
A. 错误:A businessman dedicates 
less energies to rules than an average scientist

偷梁换柱:文中not ... any more than ...表示“既不…也不…”;而非比较“商人”与“普通科学家”谁付出更多精力


B. 正确:
An average scientist’s focus is not to dwell on moral rules of his conduct


合理代换

  • an average scientist’s focus = his primary task

  • is not = is not

  • to dwell on = to think about 

  • moral rules = moral code

  • of his conduct = which governs his activity



2
逐句详解

第一句
[1] Like other human beings, an average scientist encounters moral issues even in the everyday performance of his routine duties – [2] he is not supposed to cook his experiments, manufacture evidence, or doctor his reports.


句子结构
[1] 主句(S+V+O)

  • 状:Like other human beings 像其他人一样

  • 主:an average scientist 一位普通科学家

  • 谓:encounters 面临

  • 宾:moral issues 道德方面的问题

  • 状:even in the everyday performance of his routine duties (即便在日常职责的每日行使中)即便在行使日常职责时

译文:像其他人一样,科学家即使在行使日常职责时也会面临道德方面的问题


[2] moral issues的同位语从句(S+O+V)

  • 主:he 他

  • 谓1:is not supposed to cook 不应该伪造

  • 宾1:his experiments, (他的)实验(结果)

  • 谓2:manufacture 捏造

  • 宾2:evidence, 证据
    or

  • 谓3:doctor 篡改

  • 宾3:his reports. 报告

译文:他不应该伪造试验结果,捏造证据或篡改报告。


本句译文
像其他人一样,科学家在行使日常职责时也会面临道德方面的问题——他不应该伪造试验结果,捏造证据或篡改报告。




第二句
[1] But his primary task
is not to think about the moral code [2] which governs his activity, [3] any more than a businessman is expected to dedicate his energies to an exploration of rules of conduct in business.



Not A any more than B = No more A than B
既不A也不B(A,B皆为否定)


本句[1]中蕴含not,[3]中蕴含any more than
因此本句中[1][3]并列,皆为否定句


句子结构

  • [1] (S+LV+P)

  • 状:But 但是

  • 主:his primary task 他的首要任务

  • 系:is not 不是

  • 表:to think about the moral code 考虑道德规范

译文:但是,他的首要任务并不是考虑道德规范


[2] 修饰moral code的定语从句(S+V+O)

  • 主:which 这些道德规范

  • 谓:governs 支配

  • 宾:his activity, 自己的行为

译文:支配自己行为的(道德规范)


[3] (S+V+O)

  • 状:any more than (否定)

  • 主:a businessman 商人

  • 谓:is expected to dedicate his energies to 被期望专注于

  • 宾:an exploration of rules of conduct in business 探索行业(行为)规范

译文:就如同不能指望商人专注于探索行业规范一样


本句译文
但是,他的首要任务并不是考虑支配自己行为的道德规范,就如同不能指望商人专注于探索行业规范一样。





During most of his waking life he will take his code for granted, as the businessman takes his ethics. The definition also excludes the majority of teachers, despite the fact that teaching has traditionally been the method whereby many intellectuals earn their living. They may teach very well and more than earn their salaries, but most of them make little or no independent reflections on human problems which involve moral judgment.


Question 1
The most possible reason for excluding most teachers from the definition is that ____.
A. they traditionally earn their living by teaching
B. they are not proficient in teaching for earning salaries
C. they take little moral consideration of human issues into account



Questions2
Please translate the sentences into Chinese.



3
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