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[农业报道] 自己动手养安哥拉羊

发表时间:2020-07-28 21:50:00  来源:野望文存  浏览:次   【】【】【
Angora goats 来自普特英语听力 04:00

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

成语get your goat是“让你生气“的意思,相信你一定不想get your goat,但是真正养羊可是一件非常有好处的事。一起来看看养羊都有哪些好处吧。

Has anyone ever tried to get your goat? To "get your goat" is an expression. It means to make you mad. A good friend might tell you: "Don't worry about what that person said. He was just trying to get your goat."

But there are plenty of good reasons to get a goat -- and not just for milk or meat. The animals can help control weeds. They can be friendly with children and adults. And they can make money with their hair.

Cashmere goats produce cashmere. Angora goats produce -- no, not angora. Angora fiber comes from rabbits. Angora goats produce mohair. Mohair is used to make clothing, carpets and other products.

The goats came from the Anatolian plains. Their name comes from the Turkish city of Ankara. The Mohair Council of America says the first Angora goats arrived in the United States in eighteen forty-nine. Seven females and two males were imported.

Today the United States is one of the world's leading producers of mohair. The other top sources are South Africa and Turkey. Ninety percent of the mohair from the United States comes from Texas.

An adult Angora can produce as much as seven kilograms of hair each year. The value of the coat depends on the age, size and condition of the goat. As Angoras get older, their hair becomes thicker and less valuable.

The goats need their mother's milk for the first three or four months. They reach full maturity at about two years. But even then they are smaller than most sheep and milk goats.

Cashmere goats are usually larger than Angoras. Cashmere goats can grow big enough to be kept with sheep and cattle.

The outer hair of the animal is called guard hair. Behind it is the valuable material on a cashmere goat. Some farmers just comb their cashmere goats to remove the hair. But if the goats do get a haircut, it often happens when they would naturally lose their winter coat, between December and March.

Angora goats generally get their hair cut twice a year, in the spring and fall. Owners do it themselves or hire a professional shearer. An Angora without a coat can get cold. So it may need to be kept extra warm for about a month after shearing.

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. To read, listen and learn English with our stories, go to voaspecialenglish.com. You can also find captioned videos of our program at the VOA Learning English channel on YouTube. I'm Jim Tedder.



自己动手养安哥拉羊

曾有人想get your goat吗?get your goat是一个成语,意思是“让你生气“。好朋友可能会对你说:“别在意那人说的话,他就是想惹你生气(get your goat)罢了。“

但养一头goat(山羊)却是有很多用处的,不仅是可以喝奶或吃肉。这种动物可以帮助控制杂草,它们对儿童和大人都很友好,还可以用它们的毛发来赚钱。

克什米尔羊产克什米尔细毛,安哥拉山羊产马海毛-以为我们要说的是安哥拉吧?不是,安哥拉纤维实际上来源于兔子。马海毛用于制作衣物、地毯和其它毛制产品。

安哥拉山羊来自安纳托利亚平原。它们的名字取自土耳其城市安卡拉。美国马海毛委员会称第一批安哥拉山羊是在1849年到达美国的。一共进口了7头母羊和两头公羊。

今天,美国是全世界马海毛的主要产地。其他马海毛主要产地分别是南非和土耳其。美国90%的马海毛产自德克萨斯州。

一头成年安哥拉山羊每年能产出多达7公斤的羊毛。羊毛的价值取决于这只山羊的年龄、大小和状况。安哥拉山羊变老时,它们的羊毛会变粗,就不那么值钱了。

羊羔需要母乳喂养三到四个月。两岁多是就已经完全成熟了。但尽管如此它们仍然会比大多数绵羊和奶山羊体型小。

克什米尔山羊一般都比安哥拉山羊体型大些。它们能长得大到绵羊和牛那么大。

克什米尔山羊的表层毛叫做针毛,针毛下面才是有价值的克什米尔羊绒。牧民用梳子梳下喀什米尔山羊的羊毛。但如果要给他们剪毛,通常会在自然腿毛的时候--12月到3月之间。

安哥拉山羊通常一年剪两次毛,分别是在春天和秋天。主人自己动手剪或者租用专业的剪毛机来剪。安哥拉山羊在剪毛后会感到冷,所以需要在剃毛后的大约一个月内给山羊以额外的保暖。


责任编辑:张梓涵